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What does an American cockroach look like? The American roach, also known as a water bug and/or the palmetto bug, is the largest of the roaches (up to 1-1/2 inches) and reddish-brown, with a pale brown or yellow border on the upper surface of the pronotum (which covers the head). Both male and females have full wings. This roach can fly and it crawls very fast. If the pest looks like this, it is an American roach. (If it is not the size of your thumb and it is reddish brown to black, it is a female wood roach. If it is dark mahogany and the size of your thumb, then it is a smoky brown roach).
It is very important to know which species of cockroach you have since their habits and food preferences vary greatly.
Their mere presence is a nuisance and they can be carriers of many common diseases.
The American cockroach lives in decaying organic material (such as mulch areas). These areas have a good food source and provide protection for them.
These roaches are nocturnal which means they are active at night, during which time they forage and crawl into weep holes, onto buildings or up the outsides of the home or into the structure.
In particular, they like crawlspaces and basement areas.
When indoors, the nymphs and adults are usually found in the dark, moist areas of basements and crawl spaces as well as in and around bathtubs, clothes hampers, floor drains, pipe chases, kitchens, laundry rooms and upper and lower cabinet areas. In basements, they are usually found in corner areas and high on the walls.
If the building has steam heat, they will follow steam heat tunnels. They will also be in large boiler rooms around pipes and floor drains.
The female, when inside the home, lays a dark-brown to black egg capsule about one per week - from 15 to 90 egg capsules in her life time.
One capsule can have up to 16 eggs (16 x 90 = 1440), so you can see that you can have quite a pest problem with American roaches.
At room temperature, these nymphs will hatch out in 50-55 days. The nymphal stage averages about 15 months, varying between 9-1/2 to 20 months.
Ways to reduce the conditions that harbor and attract the American Roach:
Economy Exterminators' Pest Elimination Plus program uses the 4-step approach to solve your American roach pest problem: